The implementation of the BMBF funding measure "CO2Plus - Broadening the Raw Materials Base by CO2 utilization" and the funded projects addresses a large number of political objectives of the German Federal Government. These includes sustainable use of resources and Germany's climate protection goals.
The following overview shows the history up to the current funding measure.
The new high-tech strategy is designed to quickly transform good ideas into innovative products and services. The programme takes into account the entire innovation process, from the creative idea to implementation. All federal government departments develop common goals and implementation steps under the High-Tech Strategy. The focus is on research topics of particular relevance to society, growth and prosperity.
Research for Sustainable Development develops decision bases for future-oriented action and provides innovative solutions for a sustainable society. The third framework programme (FONA3) now supports this sustainability research in Germany by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research. One of FONA's main fields of research is the smart and sustainable use of resources, which also includes the material use of CO2. In addition, CO2Plus contributes to the flagship initiative "Green Economy" and "Energy Change".
BMBF funding measure "Technologies for Sustainability and Climate Protection - Chemical Processes and Use of CO2"
The Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) supported universities and industry with a total funding volume of 100 million euros from 2010 to 2016 as part of the "Technologies for Sustainability and Climate Protection - Chemical Processes and Use of CO2" funding measure, which was part of the German government's high-tech strategy in the field of environmental technologies. A further objective of the funding measure was the substitution of climate-damaging gases and the optimisation of production processes. The CO2Plus funding measure is based on the results of this "predecessor measure" and is intended to open up further options for the material use of CO2. The "Documents" section of this website contains further information on the funding priority "Technologies for Sustainability and Climate Protection - Chemical Processes and Use of CO2".
In February 2012, Germany was one of the first countries to adopt the German Resource Efficiency Programme (ProgRess) and thus committed itself to guiding principles and approaches for the protection of natural resources. With ProgRess, the German government has undertaken to report every four years on the development of resource efficiency in Germany, to evaluate progress and to further develop the resource efficiency programme. For the first time in ProgRess II, the material use of CO2 was included. The chapter on "Broadeining the raw material base by CO2 utilisation" highlights in particular the need for research results from research into the market, the need for research activities to incorporate CO2 into the existing carbon value chains and the so far inadequate pursuit of a cross-sectoral approach.
Climate protection plan
"In Germany, we want to stipulate the further reduction steps[...] up to the target value of 80 to 95 percent [less greenhouse gas emissions than in 1990] in 2050 and underpin them with measures in a broad dialogue process (climate protection plan)."
The climate protection plan includes measures for a research, development and market launch programme to reduce industrial process emissions. These measures include funding under the "CO2Plus" and "r+Impuls" measures of the BMBF.
CO2Plus - Use of CO2 as a material to broaden the raw material base
The BMBF will continue to focus on supporting research projects on the material use of CO2: 17.5 million euros will be provided by the BMBF as part of its CO2Plus funding measure. The main topics of CO2 capture, CO2 as a building block for chemical raw materials and electro- and photocatalytic activation of CO2 are dealt with in 13 collaborative projects consisting of industrial partners, research institutions and universities.
The BMBF funding measure CO2Plus started in summer 2016 and has a duration of 3.5 years.